The capital of Shandong Province, Jinan is home to the highest quality and variety of limestone in China. With notable reserves of iron and coal, the city has strong heavy industry base in iron, heavy duty equipment manufacturing, steel, and automotive. Electronics, transportation tools, food processing, home appliances, and bio-engineered products are also important areas of industry.
Most recently, an emphasis on technology intensive industries has allowed the city to develop into a more diversified industrial sector, and IT-related economy output continues to see very strong growth. Additionally, the high number of university graduates has spawned a significant software and animation industry.
Jinan's GDP grew 9.5% RMB481.3 billion in 2012.