Anhui's primary industry accounts for 15% of GDP, 50% higher than the national average of 10%, with major crops including rice, wheat and sweet potato. Anhui has a variety of natural resouces including large iron deposits in Maanshan, coal from Huainan, and copper mines in Tongling. Compared to neighboring provinces on China's east coast Anhui has not experienced the same rapid economic growth, as a result Anhui's GDP per capita is around one-third of its neighbors Zhejiang and Jiangsu. Hefei, Wuhu, and Maanshan have benefited from there close location to Yangtze river and as results are significantly wealthier than the rest of the province due to their industrial and manufacturing industries.
Anhui's RMB1 trillion GDP in 2009 was largely driven by fixed asset investment (FAI). The FAI to GDP ratio of 0.89 was the highest in China in 2009. This heavy investment in fxed assets coupled with Anhui's pool of cheap labor and the establishment of an export processing zone in Hefei which will offer numerous incentives like tax rebates and exemptions for manufacturers to setup shop will likely further drive the growth of Anhui's more industrialized regions.
Hefei Economic and Technological Development Zone
Hefei Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone
Wuhu Economic and Technological Development Zone
Wuhu Export Processing Zone